BA(H) PHILOSOPHY The appeal to force
THE APPEAL TO FORCE
( ARGUMENT AD BACULUM)
The fallacy occurs when an argument threatens his opponent with unpleasant consequences if his viewpoint is not accepted.
The threat of punishment or some sort of force is sometimes used for presuading the opponents to accept certain views. The appeal to force does not necessarily have to involve a physical threat like, “if you do not act like this then i will hurt you”. Sometimes there are “subtle” threats which force the other person to accept the particular view. Right from the domestic to international forum , subtle threats are used as a powerful instrument.
FOR EXAMPLE: The father tells his son,”sunny, next time before giving you pocket money,I will see your report card” . Many powerful nations are using armtwisting policies like reducing financial aid,cutting the technical assistances,etc. If the opponent countries do not sign a particular treaty. The union workers threat the establishment that if their demands are not met they will go on strike. In spite of the fact that the threats are used implicitly on a large scale by all sections of society,yet logically to accept a conclusion merely on the basis of threat is not sound.
1. If you don’t support my candidacy for party,then I will see to it that no new schools and colleges are built in your area.
2. If you do not agree with my political opinion that mrs. Indira Gandhi was the greatest prime minister of free India,then you will receive F grade in this semester.
3. You will support me in this plan because if you don’t,I will do everything in my power to see that you are fired.
4. Give me your bag or else look at gun in my hand.
the general form of an argument having this fallacy is
“if you don’t accept….. then you will face….. the consequences which are unpleasant”